Winners & Losers

Investigating the human and ecological impacts of the commercialisation of

non-timber forest products (NTFPs)


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Final report

 

Winners and losers
in forest product commercialisation

 

 

You must have the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view these PDF files. File sizes are shown next to each document. The report is also available on a CD-ROM: contact Dermot O'Regan, dpo@ceh.ac.uk.

 

This report is an official document prepared under contract between the United Kingdom Department for International Development and the Natural Environment Research Council. It should not be quoted without the permission of both the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology and the Department for International Development.

 

 

Volume 1: Overview (1.8Mb)
              

Volume 2
Appendix 1: Project Reports: Marula (Sclerocarya birrea)
Part 1: South Africa

Cover Pages (172kb)

Contents (83kb)

Appendix 1.1 (664kb)
Shackleton, C.M., Botha, J., Emanuel, P.L. & Ndlovu, S. 2002. Inventory of Marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) Stocks and Fruit Yields in Communal and Protected Areas of the Bushbuckridge Lowveld, Limpopo Province, South Africa

Appendix 1.2 (514kb)
McHardy, T. 2002. Inventory of available marula resources on the Makhatini Flats, Maputaland, in the fruiting season of 2002 

Appendix 1.3 (1.83Mb)
Shackleton, S.E. and Shackleton C.M. 2002.
Use of marula products for domestic and commercial purposes by households in the Bushbuckridge district, Limpopo Province, South Africa

Appendix 1.4 (557kb)
Shackleton, S.E. 2002.
The informal marula beer traders of Bushbuckridge, Limpopo Province, South Africa

Appendix 1.5 (1.35Mb)
McHardy, T. 2002.
Use of marula products for domestic and commercial purposes by households in the Ophande district, Maputaland, South Africa

Appendix 1.6 (1.16Mb)
Mander, M., Cribbins, J., Shackleton, S.E. and Lewis, F. 2002.
The Commercial Marula Industry in South Africa: A sub-sector analysis

Appendix 1.7 (778kb)
Combrinck, A. and Muller, J. 2002.
Modelling Marula Distribution in South Africa: a deterministic approach        


Volume 3
Appendix 2: Project Reports: Marula (Sclerocarya birrea)
Part 2: Namibia

Cover Pages (263kb)

Contents (76kb)

Appendix 2.1 (1.35Mb)
Botelle, A., du Plessis, P., Pate, K. and Laamanen, R. 2002. A Survey of Marula Fruit Yields in North-Central Namibia

Appendix 2.2 (545kb)
den Adel, S. 2002. Use of marula products for domestic and commercial purposes by households in North-Central Namibia

Appendix 2.3 (579kb)
du Plessis, P., Lombard, C. and den Adel, S. 2002. Marula in Namibia: Commercial Chain Analysis

 

Volume 4
Appendix 3: Project Reports: Marula (Sclerocarya birrea)
Part 3: southern Africa region

Cover Pages (264kb)

Contents (84kb)

Appendix 3.1 (952kb)
Shackleton, S.E., Sullivan, C.A., Cunningham, A.B., Cribbins, J., Leakey, R., Laird, S., Lombard, C., Mander, M.,  Netshiluvhi, T.R., Shackleton, C.M., and Wynberg, R.  2001.  An overview of current knowledge on Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst. subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro with particular reference to its importance as a non-timber forest product (NTFP) in southern Africa

Appendix 3.2 (1382kb)
Leakey, R., Shackleton, S.E., du Plessis, P., Pate, K. and Lombard, C. 2002. Characterization of phenotypic variation in marula (Sclerocarya birrea) fruits, nuts and kernels in South Africa and Namibia

Appendix 3.3 (894kb)
Shackleton, S.E., den Adel, S., McHardy, T. and Shackleton C.M. 2002. Use of marula products for domestic and commercial purposes: Synthesis of key findings from three sites in southern Africa

Appendix 3.4 (801kb)
Wynberg, R.P., Laird, S.A., Botha, J., den Adel, S. and McHardy, T. 2002. The Management, Use and Commercialisation of Marula: Policy Issues

Appendix 3.5 (539kb)
Shackleton, S.E., Wynberg, R.P., Sullivan, C.A., Shackleton, C.M., Leakey, R.R.B., Mander, M., McHardy, T.,
den Adel, S., Botelle, A., du Plessis, P., Lombard, C., Laird, S.A., Cunningham, A.B., Combrinck, A. and O’Regan, D.P. 2002. Marula commercialisation for sustainable and equitable livelihoods: Synthesis of a southern African case study

 

Volume 5
Appendix 4: Project Reports
Crabwood (Carapa guianensis) in Guyana

Cover Pages (174kb)

Contents (86kb)

Appendix 4.1 (173kb)
Martinborough, T. 2002. Karaba oil (Crabwood oil): a literature review 

Appendix 4.2 (2.07Mb)
Payne, K. 2001. The potential sustainable production of Carapa guianensis (Meliaceae) Abul. Oil in the Iwokrama Rainforest

Appendix 4.3 (314kb)
Martinborough, T. 2002.
Crabwood Oil Study: Equitable Use of NTFPs in Guyana: Report of the Family Level Survey

Appendix 4.4 (476kb)
Ousman, S., Martinborough, T., Forte, J. and Hammond, D. 2002.
Crabwood Oil Study: Equitable Use of NTFPs in Guyana: Report of the Community Level Survey

Appendix 4.5 (413kb)
Martinborough, T., Forte, J. and Hammond, D. 2002.
Crabwood Oil Study: Equitable Use of NTFPs in Guyana: Report of the Chainsaw Operator Survey

Appendix 4.6 (250kb)
Martinborough, T. 2002.
Crabwood Oil Study: Equitable Use of NTFPs in Guyana: Report of the Pharmaceutical Dealers Survey

Appendix 4.7 (1.95Mb)
Martinborough, T. 2002. The Crabwood Oil Market in Guyana: Increasing Household Income

Appendix 4.8 (1.03Mb)
Forte, J., Ousman, S. and Radzik, R. (eds.) Proceedings of the International Technical Workshop on Sustainable and Equitable Marketing of Crabwood Oil in Guyana, November 23-24, 2002, Lake Mainstay Resort, Region 2, Guyana

Appendix 4.9 (1.11Mb)
Grimmond, J., Joseph, I. and Datadin, V. 2002. A spatial assessment of Crabwood Oil production in Regions 9 & 10 of Guyana

Appendix 4.10 (372kb)
Joseph, I. 2002. GIS Internship Final Report

Appendix 4.11 (298kb)
Strong, J. 2002.
Methods for the Use of Camera Traps and Thread Trails to Monitor Wildlife Use of Crabwood (Carapa guianensis) Seeds in the Iwokrama Forest

 

Volume 6
Appendix 5: Dissemination and other outputs

Cover Pages (151kb)

Contents (99kb)

Appendix 5.1 (313kb)
CEH Wallingford. 2003. ‘Winners and losers in forest product commercialisation’ (Project Leaflet)

Appendix 5.2 (810kb)
CEH Wallingford. 2003. ‘Making the most of your marula trees’ (Project Leaflet)

Appendix 5.3 (2.69Mb)
Iwokrama. 2002.
‘Crabwood Oil (Karaba Oil): A non-timber forest product - sustaining community crabwood oil cottage industry, Guyana, South America’ (Project Leaflet)

Appendix 5.4 (169kb)
Iwokrama. 2002.
‘Marketing Potential of Crabwood Oil in Guyana’ (Project Leaflet)

Appendix 5.5 (65kb)
CEH Wallingford. 2001. ‘Winners and losers in forest product commercialisation’ (Project Leaflet)

Appendix 5.6 (67kb)
Rhodes University. 2001. ‘Marula Commercialisation for sustainable livelihoods’ (Project Leaflet)

Appendix 5.7 (66kb)
CEH Wallingford. 2003. ‘Marula - a tree for everyone!’ (Poster)

Appendix 5.8 (637kb)
CEH Wallingford. 2003. ‘Why are trees important for our lives?’ (Poster)

Appendix 5.9 (65kb)
CEH Wallingford. 2002.  ‘Crabwood Oil: a source of income from the forest’ (Poster)

Appendix 5.10 (607kb)
Iwokrama. 2002.
‘Are Local People Winners or Losers from Forest-Based Products? A Study in Ethics, Equity and the Market based on two NTFPs: Crabwood Oil in Guyana & Marula in Southern Africa’ (Poster)

Appendix 5.11 (500kb)
Ethnoecology Services. 2003. ‘Trees of Life: 10 lessons from the marula and crabwood trees’ (Film Production by Tony Cunningham)

Appendix 5.12 (70kb)
CEH Wallingford. 2003. http://www.ceh-wallingford.ac.uk/research/winners/ (Website)

Appendix 5.13 (261kb)
CEH Wallingford. 2003.
Winners and Losers in Forest Product Commercialisation: The importance of forest products for poverty alleviation (Policy Briefing Note)

Appendix 5.14 (296kb)
Wynberg, R.P., Laird, S.A., Shackleton, S., Mander, M., Shackleton, C., du Plessis, P., den Adel, S., Leakey, R.R.B., Botelle, A., Lombard, C., Sullivan, C., Cunningham T. and O’Regan, D.P. 2002. Marula commercialisation for sustainable and equitable livelihoods: A Policy Brief (Policy Brief)

Appendix 5.15 (6.31Mb)
Laird, S.A. and Wynberg, R.P. 2003. Biodiversity Prospecting and Access And Benefit-Sharing: An Introductory Primer (Handbook) 

Appendix 5.16 (503kb)
Shackleton, S.E., Shackleton, C.M., Cunningham, A.B., Lombard, C., Sullivan, C.A. and Netshiluvhi, T.R. 2002.
A summary of knowledge on Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra with emphasis on its importance as a non-timber forest product in South and southern Africa. Part 1: Taxonomy, ecology, traditional uses and role in rural livelihoods (Journal Paper)

Appendix 5.17 (344kb)
Wynberg, R.P., Cribbins, J., Leakey, R.R.B., Lombard, C., Mander, M., Shackleton, S.E. and Sullivan, C. A. 2002.
Knowledge on Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra with emphasis on its importance as a non-timber forest product in South and southern Africa: A summary. Part 2: Commercial use, tenure and policy, domestication, intellectual property rights and benefit-sharing (Journal Paper)

Appendix 5.18 (231kb)
Shackleton, C.M. 2002. Use and selection of Sclerocarya birrea (marula) in the Bushbuckridge Lowveld,
South Africa (Conference paper)

Appendix 5.19 (319kb)
Shackleton, S.E., Shackleton, C.M., Mander, M., Wynberg, R., Sullivan, C.A. and Leakey, R. 2002.
Diversifying Communal Rangeland Use and Benefits: The Case of Marula (Sclerocarya birrea) in Bushbuckridge, South Africa (Conference paper)

Appendix 5.20 (300kb)
Leakey R.R.B, Shackleton, S.E. and du Plessis, P.
Domestication potential of Marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp caffra) in South Africa and Namibia: 1. Phenotypic variation in fruit traits (Paper in press)

Appendix 5.21 (333kb)
Leakey R.R.B, Pate, K. and Lombard, C.
Domestication potential of Marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp caffra) in South Africa and Namibia: 2. Phenotypic variation in nut and kernel traits (Paper in press)

Appendix 5.22 (226kb)
Leakey, R.R.B. 
Domestication potential of Marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) in South Africa and Namibia: 3. Multiple trait selection (Paper in press)

Appendix 5.23 (271kb)
Shackleton, C.M., Botha, J. and Emanuel, P.L.
Productivity and abundance of Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra in and around rural settlements and protected areas of the Bushbuckridge lowveld, South Africa (Paper in press)

Appendix 5.24 (776kb)
Sullivan, C.A. 2003. Marula – a tree for everyone!  (Book Contribution)

Appendix 5.25 (182kb)
O’Regan, D.P. 2003. Non-timber forest products: a sustainable income (Popular Article)

Appendix 5.26 (515kb)
O’Regan, D.P. 2003.Profit without plunder (Popular Article)

Appendix 5.27 (116kb)
O’Regan, D.P. 2003. Identifying the 'Winners & Losers' in the commercialisation of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) (Popular Article)

Appendix 5.28 (137kb)
City Press. 2003. Report on Marula Workshop (Newspaper Article)

Appendix 5.29 (729kb)
Iwokrama. 2002.
‘Sustainable and Equitable Marketing of Crabwood Oil in Guyana’, International Technical Workshop, Lake Mainstay, Region 2, Guyana, November 23-24, 2002 (Workshop)

Appendix 5.30 (3.75Mb)
Institute of Natural Resources/Rhodes University. 2003. ‘Marula Commercialisation for Sustainable Livelihoods -  Feedback and discussion on findings and recommendations from a two-year research project on the use, trade and processing of marula in South Africa and Namibia, Nelspruit, South Africa, February 19, 2003 (Workshop)

Appendix 5.31 (147kb)
Sguazzin, T. and du Toit, D. 2003.
‘My Friend, the Marula’: A learning support Material for Foundation Phase (Educational Textbook) 

Appendix 5.32 (358kb)
Poulson, U. 2001. International Market Survey Report for Marula and Crabwood Products (Internal Report)


This report is an official document prepared under contract between the United Kingdom Department for International Development and the Natural Environment Research Council. It should not be quoted without the permission of both the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology and the Department for International Development.

 

Any problems, queries or comments? Please contact Dermot O'Regan dpo@ceh.ac.uk


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This website is an output from a research project funded by the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) for the benefit of developing countries.
The views expressed are not necessarily those of DFID. Project R7795 Forestry Research Programme.
For more information about this project contact Dr Caroline Sullivan Design by Dermot O'Regan
Last updated on 15 December 2005 © CEH Wallingford 2003